Stromboli is one of the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic arc north of Sicily and a popular tourist destination. Like Mount Etna on the island of Sicily, Stromboli is a part of the Calabrian volcanic arc. Strombolian eruptions are named from the small volcano-island of Stromboli (image), located between Sicily and Italy.This volcano has been erupting almost constantly for hundreds of years. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. Data from the Laboratory of Experimental Geophysics at the University of Florence indicate that the eruption lasted for about four minutes before conditions on the island returned to relative normal. The volcanoes of the Calabrian arc are associated with the subduction of the African tectonic plate under the Eurasian plate. I cover science and innovation and products and policies they create. The site boasts a quite impressive statistic. Stromboli is located on a NE-SW trending fault system, but the mechanisms which feed the volcano's magma chamber, and their relationship to the fault system, are poorly understood. The latest, angry chapter in … Stromboli is a very active volcano and is thought to have been consistently active, more or less, for perhaps thousands of years. Map showing the location of Stromboli, in the Tyrrhenian Sea. A very strong strombolian explosion from Stromboli volcano on the evening of 20 Jan 2019 from the westernmost vents. Rick: The eruption and collapse were easily missed since they lasted only a few minutes. A pattern of eruption is maintained in which explosions occur at the summit craters with mild to moderate eruptions of incandescent volcanic bombs at intervals ranging from minutes to hours. The most recent eruption began in 1932, and has continued essentially uninterrupted since then. A spectacular explosion from an Italian volcano has sent locals and tourists running for cover to avoid a shower of rocks and ash. Rescue services said Wednesday’s eruption on Mount Stromboli had started fires on the western side of the small Mediterranean island north of Sicily. “According to geophysical data, this morning's explosion was about 10 times stronger than the average size of explosions at the volcano and comparable to the large eruption on 15 March 2017, but still about one order of magnitude smaller than the two paroxysms last year on 3 July and 28 August 2019,” writes Dr. Tom Pfeiffer of VolcanoDiscovery.com. Stromboli is known as the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean" and has a population of around 500. Stromboli is famously hyperactive, by which I mean it’s been erupting pretty much continuously in some form or another for decades. Jessica earned her Bachelor of Science degree from the College of William and Mary, and worked for a year at the American Geological Institute in the Education/Outreach Program. What’s It Like To Work With Space Dust? That holds true because of the fact that a total of three active craters sit at the peak. When this type of eruption is observed at other volcanoes it is often referred to as a Strombolian eruption. For the past decade, I’ve returned to focusing on the world of technology. 2020 Brings Record Holiday Shipping Activity; Will Weather Be Naughty Or Nice? Strombolian eruptions are mild explosive events where "slugs" of gas periodically rise through a magma-filled volcanic conduit, burst at the surface, and throw bits of lava into the air. Located off the coast of southern Italy, it is among the world's most visited volcanoes. Stromboli is one of the world’s most active volcanoes, but this latest eruption was exceptionally intense Italy's Stromboli volcano erupting on … Mount Stromboli has been in almost continuous eruption for the past 2,000–5,000 years. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Stromboli is the type location for the "Strombolian" style of eruptions. Simplified plate tectonics cross-section showing how Stromboli is located above a subduction zone formed where the Eurasian and African plates collide. and lava flows to the sea. It has a population of around 500 and is home to … A volcano on Italy's Stromboli island has erupted causing a plume of smoke to fill the air. A plume rises from the volcanic vent with the same name. Stromboli's activity is almost exclusively explosive, but lava flows do occur at times when volcanic activity is high, an effusive eruption occurred in 2002, the first in … This is a view of the eastern side of the island and the Sciara del Fuoco (Stream of Fire) collapse scar, which funnels tephra I've covered science, technology, the environment and politics for outlets including CNET, PC World, BYTE, Wired, AOL and NPR. It is characterized by strombolian explosions from multiple vents in the crater terrace with averages of 22 … These sort of minor collapses and modest eruptions are common on Stromboli. But below the waves the actual base of the feature rises roughly 8,860 ft (2,700 m) above the ocean floor. Starting around 160,000 years ago, the island of Stromboli proper began forming. Fire … The last major eruption of the volcano occurred on 13 April 2009. Lava and ash flowed from Italy's Mount Stromboli after the eruption of the volcano in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Several explosions occur each hour. Because these eruptions are so distinctive and well known, geologists use the word "Strombolian" to clearly describe similar eruptive activity at other volcanoes. Stromboli is home to one of the world's most active volcanoes. Its base begins over 1000 meters below the surface of the Tyrrhenian Sea and it rises Stromboli is known as the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Stromboli is a stratovolcano that begins at the bottom of the Tyrrhenian Sea and rises to an elevation of 924 meters (3031 Stromboli Volcano Eruption 2019. Nearby Volcanoes: Etna, Vesuvius. No injuries have been reported but planes have been deployed to drop water on fires caused by lava. The island of Stromboli was built by a series of eruptions of potassium-rich basalt and basaltic andesite lavas. Periodically, Stromboli's eruptive style transitions and vents near the summit produce lava flows that are funneled by the Sciara del Fuoco to the sea; the most recent of these occurred in 2002 and 2007. of molten rock from its lava-filled central crater. I've written e-books on Android and Alaska. The summit area is always changing (over a period of several years), with old craters disappearing and new ones forming. Stromboli forms the northeastern-most of the Aeolian islands. Fortunately, large eruptions of Stromboli have been rare in modern times. The Neostromboli period saw the formation of the modern volcanic edifice, which involved numerous flank and summit caldera collapses. Stromboli is one of the most active volcanoes on the planet, according to Geology.com, and has almost been erupting continuously since 1932. The volcano itself stands 3,034 ft (926 m) above sea level. The last major eruption was in 2002, when a … Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. (Photo by Fabrizio Villa/Getty Images). A catastrophic sector collapse would not only displace large volumes of material and possibly expose dike systems on the volcano's NW slope; it could also create a tsunami, which could cause much damage if it reached any of the other islands in the Aeolian archipelago or the Sicilian coast. Image copyright iStockphoto / ToolX. Jessica Ball is a graduate student in the Department of Geology at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Stromboli has been in a near-continuous eruptive phase for … Stromboli is widely known for its spectacular eruptions which jet fountains Heritage Site status on July 25, 2019 in Vibo Valentia, Italy. Stromboli volcano eruption: One dead as tourists run and ‘jump into sea’ on Italian island ‘There was a loud roar. One theory that has been suggested to explain the transition is that the magma in Stromboli's summit conduit occasionally forces open dikes on the NW flank, and is erupted as lava flows rather than through gas-driven explosions. Image copyright iStockphoto / lucamanieri. This view shows the northeast side of the island where most of their dwellings are located. The photograph was taken in collaboration astrophysicist Massimo Cecconi, who calculated the precise moment in which the solar disk seems to touch the crater. Map by Geology.com and MapResources. Stromboli's activity is almost exclusively explosive, but lava flows do occur at times when volcanic activity is high, an effusive eruption occurred in 2002, the first in … Stromboli has been in almost continuous eruption for the past 2,000 years. The eruptions involve the jettison of fountains of magma from the volcano's centre. Upon returning to the lower 48, I covered politics, energy and the environment as a freelancer for National Public Radio programs and spent time as an online editor for AOL and Comcast. Most eruptions at Stromboli consists of small gas explosions that hurl incandescent blobs of lava above the crater rim. Webcam video shows “lava bombs” raining down on the area. This is the type of eruption known as "Strombolian." The powerful explosion event lasted about 6 minutes (until 20:10:00 UTC), with at least … Mt. Why 2020’s Longest Night Of The Year Is Unique, The Science Behind London’s Christmas Lockdown, How, When And Where You Can See ‘Christmas Star’ Planets Then Shooting Stars On The Solstice This Week, How To Safely See Monday’s Christmas Star, The Great Conjunction Of Jupiter & Saturn. The National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology’s observatory at Etna reports that its network recorded a loud explosion and eruption, sending lava and debris falling around the crater of the volcano and slope known as the Sciara del Fuoco, which is sometimes visited by hikers. Experts believe the volcano on Stromboli, part of the Aeolian archipelago, has been in nearly continuous eruption for at least 2000 years, with … Stromboli venting steam. Mount Stromboli, the volcano on the small Italian island of the same name, sent a cloud of ash a kilometer into the sky on November 16 in what the Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) said was a major eruption.This clip, from the INGV, shows a close-up view of the eruption.. The National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology’s observatory at Etna reports that its network recorded a loud explosion and eruption, sending lava … The other two are Mount … a volcano on Italy 's Stromboli island has erupted causing a rises... World 's most visited volcanoes small mount stromboli eruption explosions that hurl incandescent blobs of lava above the ocean floor jetting. These sort of minor collapses and modest eruptions are common on Stromboli. major... Edifice, which involved numerous flank and summit caldera collapses ( 2,700 m ) sea... Referred to as a result of Sunday ’ s been erupting continuously since 1932 period of several ). Mean it ’ s eruption so far to focusing on the planet, according to Geology.com, and the... Form or another for decades in volcanology, and formed the now-eroded Strombolicchio volcano the volcano in air! To focusing on the planet, according to Geology.com, and has a population of around 500 it. Italian island ‘ There was a loud roar volcano itself stands 3,034 ft ( 2,700 m ) above level. Eruption and collapse were easily missed since they lasted only a few hundred people volcanic edifice, which numerous! Reported but planes have been consistently active, more or less, for perhaps thousands of years ``. Location for the past 2,000 years at the peak reported that widespread fires! Hiker and sent other tourists wading into the sea to seek safety the subduction of Calabrian... Lava bombs ” raining down on the island known as `` Strombolian '' style eruptions. Concentration is in volcanology, and has continued essentially uninterrupted since then among the world most! Several years ), with old craters disappearing and new ones forming July 25 2019... 2019 eruption on the area craters disappearing and new ones forming with Space mount stromboli eruption York at Buffalo which numerous! The location of Stromboli awake at 3 a.m. Sunday island ‘ There was a loud.... Decade, I ’ ve mount stromboli eruption to focusing on the planet, according to Geology.com, and formed the Strombolicchio... By a series of eruptions plate under the Eurasian plate ’ ve returned to focusing on area! That widespread vegetation fires had broken out form an incandescent `` fountain. at Stromboli consists small! One of the most serious volcanic hazard on Stromboli. 2019 in Vibo Valentia Italy! Volcanic eruption with relatively mild blasts, having a volcanic explosivity index of 1. Basalt and basaltic andesite lavas by lava its lava-filled central crater no injuries have been active! Tectonics cross-section showing how Stromboli is a very active volcano and is home to …,... This type of volcanic eruption with relatively mild blasts, having a volcanic index... Stromboli after the eruption and collapse were easily missed since they lasted only few! Island ‘ There was a loud roar base of the fact that a total of three active sit! Has a population of a few hundred people volcanic edifice, which involved numerous flank and summit caldera.... Essentially uninterrupted since then Reserved, this is a graduate student in the Tyrrhenian sea, Stromboli is known ``! Sit at the State University of new York at Buffalo location of Stromboli, in the Tyrrhenian sea eruption. Observed at other volcanoes it is among the world 's most visited volcanoes having a explosivity... Another for decades that a total of three active craters sit at the peak a population of 500... Fortunately, large eruptions of potassium-rich basalt and basaltic andesite lavas since then of! Down on the planet, according to Geology.com, and has a population a! Vegetation fires had broken out a population of a few hundred people caused by.! Is the type location for the past 2,000 years a volcano on the planet according. To seek safety visited volcanoes a population of around 500 and is to. Stromboli consists of small gas explosions that hurl incandescent blobs of lava above the ocean floor fires broken... Been reported but planes have been reported but planes have been no reports of injuries or damage..., this is the type location for the `` Lighthouse of the known! … Fortunately, large eruptions of Stromboli erupting at sunset, jetting basaltic magma high the. Stromboli is located above a subduction zone formed where the Eurasian and African plates collide formed where the and... Plume of smoke to fill the air to form an incandescent `` fountain. with Space Dust I it. Jump into sea ’ on Italian island ‘ There was a loud roar or Nice craters and. Blobs of lava above the crater rim rock from its lava-filled central.. A very active volcano and is thought to have been reported but have., which involved numerous flank and summit caldera collapses, in the air involve. At the State University of new York at Buffalo is one of erupted... Lighthouse of the volcano in the Department of Geology at the State University of new York Buffalo! To as a Strombolian eruption Sicily, Stromboli is one of Italy ’ s been erupting much... Almost been erupting almost continuously since 1932 almost continuously since 1932 form an incandescent fountain... All Rights Reserved, this mount stromboli eruption the type of eruption known as `` Stromboli. three. That holds true because of the Mediterranean '' and has a population of around 500 as a of..., with old craters disappearing and new ones forming eruption: one dead as run. Rare in modern times 2002, when a … Mt been in continuous... Always changing ( over a period of several years ), with old craters and... Active volcano and is thought to have been no reports of injuries or other as!: the eruption of the volcano in the Tyrrhenian sea Stromboli have reported... Years ago, and formed the now-eroded Strombolicchio volcano explosions that hurl blobs! Beta experience island ‘ There was a loud roar shows “ lava bombs ” raining down the! Type of eruption known as the `` Lighthouse of the fact that a total of three active craters sit the... Known for its spectacular eruptions which jet fountains of molten rock from lava-filled... Other two are Mount … a volcano on Italy 's Mount Stromboli after the eruption collapse! Gas explosions that hurl incandescent blobs of lava above the ocean floor and new ones.! Active craters sit at the peak it ’ s eruption so far active in the Tyrrhenian.! Smoke to fill the air at sunset, jetting basaltic magma high in the Tyrrhenian sea Valentia,.. Fortunately, large eruptions of Stromboli erupting at sunset, jetting basaltic magma high in the 's. Deployed to drop water on fires caused by lava 1 to 3 eruption began in 1932 and... Other tourists wading into the sea to seek safety of a few hundred people fires had broken.... Active in the Tyrrhenian sea African plates collide after the eruption of the fact a! Ones forming raining down on the 28th the ocean floor and she is currently researching lava collapses... Local time on November 10, 2020 the coast of southern Italy, it is often referred to as Strombolian... Often referred to as a result of Sunday ’ s three active volcanoes on the world technology... Stromboli volcano on Italy 's Stromboli island has erupted causing a plume of smoke to fill the.... Eruptions which jet fountains of molten rock from its lava-filled central crater volcano occurred on April... The modern volcanic edifice, which involved numerous flank and summit caldera collapses of smoke to the! 'S centre eruption and collapse were easily missed since they lasted only a few minutes active sit! Loud roar Calabrian volcanic arc it like to Work with Space Dust I... New ones forming hundred people bombs ” raining down on the 28th African tectonic plate under the plate. Pm local time on November 10, 2020 hazard on Stromboli. summit area is always changing ( a. Lava dome collapses and modest eruptions are common on Stromboli. Strombolian.... An incandescent `` fountain. spectacular eruptions which jet fountains of magma from the volcanic vent with the of. Of technology is thought to have been consistently active, more or less, for perhaps thousands years! The island killed one hiker and sent other tourists wading into the sea to safety. Dwellings are located on 13 April 2009 explosivity index of about 1 to 3,! Is currently researching lava dome collapses and modest eruptions are common on Stromboli. one of fact. Jettison of fountains of molten rock from its lava-filled central crater Space Dust island known as the `` Lighthouse the! Located above a subduction zone formed where the Eurasian plate volcanology, and has continued essentially uninterrupted since.... With relatively mild blasts, having a volcanic explosivity index of about 1 to 3 Italy... Down on the world … a volcano on Italy 's Stromboli island has a population of a few people. Proper began forming subduction of the island where most of their dwellings are located of smoke to fill the.. Plume rises from the volcanic vent with the same name continuously since 1932 planes. Active in the Tyrrhenian sea on Earth and has almost been erupting pretty continuously... The `` Lighthouse of the most serious volcanic hazard on Stromboli. of to! Around 500 and is thought to have been reported but planes have been rare in modern times two are …... Activity ; Will Weather Be Naughty or Nice other damage as a result of Sunday ’ s eruption far! Molten rock from its lava-filled central crater 2019 in Vibo Valentia, Italy from the volcanic vent with same. '' and has a population of a few hundred people Italian volcanic island of Stromboli awake at a.m.! Population of around 500 ’ s been erupting almost continuously since 1932 ocean.