Sarg. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can … Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. Fruit: 3/8" blue-black drupe. Cultivars and their differences. When the black gum is young, it is usually formed into a pyramidal shape. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. The mature height of the black gum can be 30 to 75 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide, depending on the growing location and climate. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. You can also view a clickable map. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. The fruit are eaten by squirrels and several species of birds. You'll enjoy the Green Gable, no matter where you live. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Black-gum, also named black tupelo is a medium to large sized tree growing upwards to 100 feet in height. It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. Its crown is a narrow oval and the tan colored bark has vertical furrows. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. Is known as one of the most attractive trees; Provides stunning fall color in many shades of yellow, orange, red, and purple; Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide; Serve as an important food source for bees, birds, and other wildlife; Will be delivered at a height of 2'–3' Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. Mature Spread: 20 feet. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. It can live to be 650 years old, and during its lifetime will contribute to honey production for bees, an will supply berries that are an important source of … Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. The … Width (Feet) 35. Black gum, or black tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica ), with autumn foliage. Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. However, most black gum trees settle in at around 30 feet with a span of 20 feet of leafy branches. The fruit has a solitary light brown seed. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah. All these trees can grow to … Very symmetrical shape (upright pyramidal to oval); excellent red fall color. Leaf Shape Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better. The Green Gable Black Gum is … The Black Tupelo or Black Gum is a beautiful, high quality tree that grows in the wild in wet bottomlands to upland forest edges from southern Maine down to central Florida into east Texas to southern Missouri & Illinois, in all Indiana up into southern Michigan into the tip of very south Ontario. Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. The Black tupelo tree makes an excellent specimen tree with its outstanding summer and fall foliage and habit> It is lovely in a naturalized area. The simple leaves are alternate, deciduous and oval to ovate in … Min. Proper Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire'. The fruit is bluish black drupe. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches. The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be "Tupelo" is a Native American Indian name. Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Black-gum can be found growing in swamps, lowlands, and open sandy woodlands. Light Requirements. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. Small greenish-white flowers are followed by purple or blue fruits. It prefers moist, acidic soils, but is adaptive and tolerates poorly-drained soils and standing water, some drought and some dry soils, at least in the wild. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. The fruit of black gum are eaten by squirrels and several species of birds. The Blackgum has moderate water requirements, and displays a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. DELIVERED AUGUST 2020 Black Tupelo Tree (Nyssa sylvatica) Supplied height 90cm - 200 cm, 2-3 years old. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) falls into the following type(s): Shade Trees Mature Height: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows to be 30' - 50' feet in height. street tree planting width: 6 feet. Female trees only. Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. 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