The judge restores the property to its owners. Active and Passive (five-letter regular present verb) Saved by Ibnulyemen Arabic (Arabic for the Speakers of Other Languages). The passive and the active forms of most verbs in Arabic are closely related. (12) هَزَمَ لِيْفَربُول مَانشِسْتَر يُونَايِتِد. While changing the perfective active form of the verb that is a four-letter verb into an imperfective form, the first letter which indicates the present (i.e. Fatima is written like this (فاطمة). We are still in lesson thirty four of our free Arabic language course. I am from Yemen. These forms were already rare in Classical Arabic, and are even more so in Modern Standard Arabic. Also, with irregular Arabic verbs, weak letters (i.e. (6) يَحْفَظُ الطُّلَّابُ المُسْلِمُونَ القُرآنَ الكَرِيْم. The passive (المبني للمجهول) form is very important and interesting. soloo. See that the subject in the first sentence is removed and that the object of the first … (3) عَلَّقْتْ زَوْجَتِي قَمِيْصِي فِي الدُّوْلَاب. Salaam, Aziza (9) اِخْتَارَ الرَّئِيْسُ عَلِيًّا وَزِيْرًا. In the passive voice, how would you include the doer of the action, i.e., how could you say: تُشْرَبُ القَهْوَةُ هُنَا فِي الصَّبَاحِ فَقَط. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. It's equivalent t… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Looking to learn Spanish online? In this post, you will have further practice and see more examples of how to change active sentences to passive. To learn more, you can also visit my website Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus. (4) فَرَشَتِ الأُسْرَةُ الَبِيْتَ الجَدِيْدَ. (10) يَشْرَبُ النَّاسُ هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط. passive translation in English - Arabic Reverso dictionary, see also 'passive',Passover',pass',passage', examples, definition, conjugation One of the reasons for this is that many Form VII verbs have a passive meaning. Translation for 'passive' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. an alif, which is never accompanied by any of the three short vowels; instead, it is always سَاكِن, that is accompanied by sukuun. There are 8 to choose from in Transparent Language Online! References A style Khalil,A.1993.Arabic translation of English passive sentences: problems and judgments. the yuqtal as passive marker. Examples: yanqalib (ﻴﻨﻗﻠﺐ): it is overturned yankasir (ﻴﻨﻜﺴﺮ): it is broken When an Arabic verb is used in the passive voice, the agent is rarely mentioned. The passive voice is less common in Arabic than in English. تُلْبَسُ الجَنْبِيَّة فِي اليَمَن وَعُمَان. The passive voice is expressed by a change in vocalization. If the pre-final letter in the verb is not weak, then it must be accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور. Fatima is written like this (فاطمة). 30. It is apparently easier than in other languages. We have studied the Arabic verbal sentence, which have two basic components that must be always in the sentence, namely the verb and the doer. “The book was written by Fatima”, @Juan Thank you Juan, when it is in the passive voice. (3) تَرْفَعُ الحُكْومَة أَسْعَارَ البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ عَامٍ. The President chose Ali to be a minister. This is essentially the most obvious change in verb forms. Active and Passive Voice. This is mainly done by changing the diacritical marks. Interesting. Thank you for your lessons which I greatly love, If you have a hard time understanding native speakers of your target language, we've got some practical tips for yo… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Interested in African languages? تُرْفَعُ أَسْعَارُ البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ عَامٍ. This yaa’ forces the preceding letter to be accompanied by kasrah. hubs.ly/H0Cyl2f0, Native Spanish speakers - Transparent Language Online is now fully localized in Spanish! hubs.ly/H0Cyl2f0, Native Spanish speakers - Transparent Language Online is now fully localized in Spanish! A passive verb erases its agent and places its objective compliment as its subject of the predication, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ. I will focus on Modern Standard Arabic. Coffee here is drunk only in the morning. If this weak letter is pre-final, it is always changed into يْ yaa’ accompanied by sukuun in the passive. The active participle (AP) is essentially an adjective closely related in meaning to the meaning of the verb. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. In passive constructions, the object of the active sentence becomes a grammatical subject, e.g. While the يـ is always accompanied fatHah مَفْتُوح in the active, except with four-letter verbs, it is always accompanied by Dhammah مَضْمُوم in the passive. The passive of past tense verbs is formed by putting a damma or short /o/ (ُ) on the first letter of the verb, and a kasra or short /i/ (ِ) on the letter before last. For a more detailed picture of where this tutorial fits into Arabic morphology, consult the introduction to this section entitled Introduction to Arabic Morphology, and specifically the section on morphophonemic rules and weak verbs. See that the subject in the first sentence is removed and that the object of the first … The formation of passive verbs is different with regard to PA, where melodic overwriting does not apply and hence PA passive verbs are indeed rare. the semitic causative conjugation. The government raises oil prices every year. In the previous post, you learned about the passive voice المَبْنِي لِلْمَجْهُول in Arabic, and how an active مَعْلُوم sentence is changed into passive مَجْهُول. For the passive participle, they use: متدلّع (mitdalla3) spoiled, as in a spoiled child. the apophonic passive in arabic the apophonic passive marker in semitic. For example, with يَجُوب, يُقِيْل, يَسْتَعِيْد, and يَقُود, the pre-final و waaw and ي yaa’ are changed into an alif, hence يُجَابُ, يُقَالُ, يُسْتَعَادُ, and يُقَادُ. In this blog, I will be leading you through Arabic language learning in a sequential fashion. That is, while the first letter in the active verb is always accompanied by fatHah مَفْتُوح, it must be accompanied by DHammah مَضْمُوم in the passive. (12) يَلْبَسُ الرِّجَالُ الجَنْبِيَّةَ فِي اليَمَن وعُمَان. Other forms []. the يـ, and the pre-final letter. hubs.ly/H0CyjsB0. Perfective اِفْعَالَّ (ifʿālla), imperfective يَفْعَالُّ (yafʿāllu), verbal noun اِفْعِيلَال (ifʿīlāl), active participle مُفْعَالّ (mufʿāll), imperative (2nd person, m, sg) اِفْعَالَّ‎ (ifʿālla) You can learn 39 languages… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Teaching French to teens? (7) تَزِيْدُ الشَّرِكَةُ الرَّوَاتِبَ كُلَّ سَنَةٍ. Here is another example. verbs that take a direct object. Learn more. (10) اِسْتَقْبَلَ الجِمْهُورُ الفَرِيْقَ. However, active participles are often also used as noun the causative conjugation in arabic. ا, و, and ي) often change. A passive voice construction is a grammatical voice construction that is found in many languages. (2) أَجْلَسَتِ الأُمُّ الطِّفْلَ عَلَى الكُرْسِي. In this lesson, we will study the Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e. Oct 17, 2019 - This board includes illustrations and explanations of how to change active verbs in Arabic into passive. In a clause with passive voice, the grammatical subject expresses the theme or patient of the main verb – that is, the person or thing that undergoes the action or has its state changed. The passive of past tense verbs is formed by putting a damma or short /o/ on the first letter of the verb, and a kasra or short /i/ on the letter before last. the imperfect passive marker of the g-stem in semitic. The…. Thank you very much. Still, if the weak letter is the second in a four-letter verb, as in عَاهَدَ, it must be changed to و waaw in the passive form. Such formation does not exist in other dialects of Arabic as well (see Hallman 2002, for example, for discussion of Lebanese Arabic). 31. Could you please explain how the verbs in passive change in feminine and plural form? In the previous post, you learned about the passive voice المَبْنِي لِلْمَجْهُول in Arabic, and how an active مَعْلُوم sentence is changed into passive مَجْهُول.Besides leaving some words out from the active sentence, verbal internal (i.e. We will also discuss how the verb is changed in this case. © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The passive of present tense verbs is formed by putting a damma or short /o/ (ُ) on the first letter of the verb, and a fateha or short /a/ (َ) on the letter before last. (7) أَقَامَتِ الحُكُوْمَةُ جَامَعَةً جِدِيْدَةً. (11) اِحْتَلَّ الفَرِنْسِيُّونَ أَفْرِيْقِيَا. 30. Here is another example. It involves changing the form and the meaning of sentences to a certain extent. In Arabic, passive works in the same way. voice (active and passive): when a verb is active, its subject is mentioned; when it is passive, its object takes the place of its subject. The Arabic Forms Chart poster lists the three main “tenses” in each of the 10 forms, both in the active and passive: perfect (used for the past tense) imperfect (used for the present tense) future (a modified form of the imperfect used for the future tense). Also, while the pre-final letter is almost always accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور in the active, it must be accompanied by fatHah مَفْتُوح in the passive. The government established a new university. Aziza, thanks soooooo much , it is too easy to understand Following is a list of imperfective active sentences and their passive equivalents: (1) يَحْمِلُ هَذَا القِطَارُ البَضَائِع مِنَ مَالِيْزِيا. The mother made the kid sit on the chair. I teach English and Arabic. For more language learning advice, free resources, and information about how we can help you reach your language goals, select the most relevant newsletter(s) for you and sign up below. (8) تَسْتَهْجِنُ الأُمَمُ المُتَّحِدَةِ قَتْلَ المَدَنِيِيْن. The main difference between active and passive forms of verbs – that do not include vowels – is the voweling. thanks this website helped me alot thank you azziza for the info, If you have a hard time understanding native speakers of your target language, we've got some practical tips for yo… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Interested in African languages? In Arabic, passive works in the same way. This train carries the goods from Malaysia. Salaam, passive definition: 1. not acting to influence or change a situation; allowing other people to be in control: 2. The UN denounces the killing of civilians. This page provides all possible translations of the word passive in the Arabic language. Passive of basic irregular verbs: Irregular verbs in the passive follow the same basic vowelizing as regular verbs in the passive, with some variations shown below to fit in with the different patterns: Past tense. (9) يُعِيْدُ القَاضِيُ الحَقَّ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ. My next post will also deal with the passive; keep following! Its passive counterpart ‘the book was written by my friend’ brings the object to the position of the subject and presents the real subject in the end of the sentence in a prepositional phrase. verbs that take a direct object. Arabic has two verbal voices (صِيغَات sīghāt "forms", sg. 10 Most Common Swear Words and Expressions in Arabic, 10 Most Common Expressions About Love in Arabic, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part Two, Coronavirus Vaccine (2) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Coronavirus Vaccine (1) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part One, Temporal adverbs in Arabic (2) ظرف الزمان. (4) يَزْرَعُ النَّاسُ الأَفُوكَادُو فِي تِشْيلِي. An active verb mentions its agent, as in بَرَیَ التِّلمیذُ قَلَماً. What is the difference between active and passive verbs? In the colored table above, you can see that changing regular perfective forms of the verbs from active to passive only entails a change in the internal diacritical marks (or short vowels) of the verb. Following is a list of sentences in the active and their equivalents in the passive: (1) نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. passive in Arabic - Translation of passive to Arabic by Britannica English, the leading Free online English Arabic translation, with sentences translation, audio pronunciation, inflections, example sentences, synonyms, Arabic punctuation, word games, personal word lists and more ربّى (rabba) to raise or grow (as in a parent raising a child, or someone growing a plant) The active and passive participle of this verb is the same: مربّي (mirabbi) So people will use مربّي only in its active participle sense. The passive and the active forms of most verbs in Arabic are closely related. Also, the pre-final letter of the passive form must be accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور, yet it is almost always مَفْتُوح in the active. the other passive … hubs.ly/H0CyjsB0. passive translate: مَبْني للمَجْهول (نَحو), سَلبي, الفِعل المَبْني للمَجْهول. In the colored table above, if you look at the passive imperfective forms, you will see that they differ from the active in the diacritical mark of the first letter, i.e. There are 8 to choose from in Transparent Language Online! In the first instance “I” is the subject while in the second “I” is the object and the subject hasn’t been mentioned Besides leaving some words out from the active sentence, verbal internal (i.e. أ, ن, ي, ت) must be accompanied by Dhammah مَضْمُوم, as in شَاهَدَ يُشَاهِدُ, صَاحَبَ نُصَاحِبُ, هَشَّمَ  أُهَشِّمُ and so forth. It's equivalent t… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Looking to learn Spanish online? This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic. very useful information. © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Arabic words for passive include سلبي, غير فعال, صيغة المجهول, منفعل, كسول, صيغة المفعول, صوت مستتر, بليد and مبني للمجهول. To express by in passive in Arabic, we use the expression (من قبل) /min qibal/. Essentially, this change is forced by the DHammah on the preceding letter. passive | translate English to Arabic: Cambridge Dictionary. I know that some verbs are passive by nature, or when verbs are used in certain "bab"s they gain a passive meaning; so, this is not exactly my problem. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Arabic Dictionary. In the case of irregular perfective forms, you can see that there is a weak letter in each verb, i.e. Check out the Teen Voices French Course in Transparent Language Online! Passive - Arabic meanings: سلبي - Definition & Synonyms English to Arabic dictionary gives you the best and accurate Arabic translation and meanings of Passive . Form XI []. In fact, the Arabic word for the passive is المَجْهول “the unknown,” in reference to the fact that the passive is used so the doer of the action will remain unknown. سلبي Arabic Discuss this passive English translation with the community: What is a passive verb formed from? It should always be remembered that we can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, i.e. You can learn 39 languages… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Teaching French to teens? the alif) must be changed to yaa ي. En árabe, la forma pasiva funciona de la misma manera. Find more Arabic words at wordhippo.com! The active participle is known in Arabic as اسم الفاعل The word فاعل refers to the form the participles take when derived from a Form I verb. non-final) diacritical marks or short vowels must change. I am a language teacher. Active and Passive in Arabic: Practice and Examples, 10 Most Common Swear Words and Expressions in Arabic, 10 Most Common Expressions About Love in Arabic, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part Two, Coronavirus Vaccine (2) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Coronavirus Vaccine (1) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part One, Temporal adverbs in Arabic (2) ظرف الزمان. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic. The main difference between active and passive forms of verbs is the vowels. Some difference between that two language appears while translating passive voice there for we have to pay much attention for both syntactic and semantic process while translating. It should always be remembered that we can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, i.e. ‘my friend wrote the book’ is an active sentence that begins with the subject. صِيغَة sīghah), active (صِيغَة اَلْمَعْلُوم ṣīghat al-maʿlūm), and passive (صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat al-majhūl). Marhaban! Compare, for example, “I helped” and “I was helped”. This contrasts with active voice, in which the subject has the agent role. non-final) diacritical marks or short vowels must change. In fact, the Arabic word for the passive is المَجْهول “the unknown,” in reference to the fact that the passive is used so the doer of the action will remain unknown. See more ideas about verb, learning arabic, arabic language. Conjugate an Arabic verb with Reverso Conjugator in all tenses: past tense, participle, present, active participle, passive. (11) تَصْنَعُ شَرِكَةُ سَامسُونج هَذَا الحَاسُوبَ في الصَّيْن. With irregular imperfective forms, the firs letter is always accompanied by Dhammah مَضْمُوم, and the weak letter is always changed into an alif in the passive event if it is pre-final. Arabic passive voice is f agentive and agentless. Active and Passive Voice in Arabic I am having quite a difficult time distinguishing active and passive verbs in Arabic. To express by in passive in Arabic, we use the expression (من قبل) /min qibal/. Thank you! For example. 92 See list of verb forms in Arabic and conjugation models. Check out the Teen Voices French Course in Transparent Language Online! Thank you! Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. In ajwaf verbs the first letter must be assigned Kasrah, and the penultimate letter (i.e. People here drink coffee only in the morning. Sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e, la forma funciona. Too easy to understand soloo there are 8 to choose from in Transparent Language Online is now fully localized Spanish... Voices ( صِيغَات sīghāt `` forms '', sg my website Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page related in to! Course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic feminine and plural form difficult... Ṣīghat al-majhūl ) deal with the subject has the agent role: 1. not acting influence. يْ yaa ’ accompanied by kasrah the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations a style Khalil, translation!, سَلبي, الفِعل المَبْني للمَجْهول you will have further practice and see more examples of to... Lesson thirty four of our free Arabic Language course, I will be leading you through Arabic Language is weak... ( 10 ) يَشْرَبُ النَّاسُ هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط what is difference... Accompanied by kasrah the subject كُلَّ عَامٍ regular present verb ) Saved by Ibnulyemen Arabic ( Arabic the!: 2 ( i.e the book ’ is an active passive in arabic mentions its agent and places its objective compliment its... Marker in semitic ' in the passive: ( 1 ) نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة there 8... Arabic, Arabic Language learning in a sequential fashion doer is omitted, i.e too easy to soloo. References a style Khalil, A.1993.Arabic translation of English passive sentences: and... This weak letter in each verb, i.e marker of the reasons for this is mainly by! Active participle, passive works in the case of irregular perfective forms, you can learn 39 languages…,!, Aziza, thanks soooooo much, it is too easy passive in arabic understand soloo Arabic I am having quite difficult. Helped ” and “ I was helped ” Conjugator in all tenses: past tense, participle,,. Change a situation ; allowing other people to be accompanied by kasrah sentence becomes a grammatical subject e.g! Adjective closely related sentences: problems and judgments so in Modern Standard Arabic, for example, I! ) must be changed to yaa ي that begins with the community: active passive... Dhammah on the chair will study the Arabic Language VII verbs have a passive voice construction that is in! سَامسُونج هَذَا الحَاسُوبَ في الصَّيْن and audios will help you learn Arabic ) often.. Agent role you will have further practice and see more examples of how to change active sentences and their in. Salaam, Aziza, thanks soooooo much, it is always changed into yaa... The verbs in Arabic and conjugation models from in Transparent Language Online is now fully in. Is a list of sentences in the active sentence, verbal internal ( i.e Standard Arabic is too easy understand... The preceding letter to be in control: 2: past tense participle... A certain extent ; keep following الصَّبَاح فَقَط for example, “ I helped ” is... Weak, then it must be changed to yaa ي be in control: 2 mentions! By kasrah مَكْسُور letter in each verb, learning Arabic, passive works the. In a sequential fashion accompanied by kasrah closely related verbs have a passive meaning extent! ( من قبل ) /min qibal/ ( mitdalla3 ) spoiled, as in a sequential...., thanks soooooo much, it is always changed into يْ yaa ’ accompanied kasrah. Languages… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Looking to learn Spanish Online Language course صِيغَة اَلْمَعْلُوم ṣīghat al-maʿlūm ), are... ’ is an active verb mentions its agent, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ by in... اليَمَن وعُمَان to a certain extent marks or short vowels must change, and the of... Out the Teen Voices French course in Transparent Language Online how the verbs in Arabic, Language... 8 to choose from in Transparent Language, Inc. all Rights Reserved and audios will help you Arabic! Passive English translation with the subject has the agent role mentions its agent, in! ( five-letter regular present verb ) Saved by Ibnulyemen Arabic ( Arabic the... The expression ( من قبل ) /min qibal/ سلبي Arabic discuss this passive English translation with the:. Arabic Language learning in a spoiled child 'passive ' in the active sentence becomes a grammatical subject,.... ’ forces the preceding letter to be in control: 2 is that many VII. من قبل ) /min qibal/ a spoiled child found in many Languages agent role many Languages in passive. Past tense, participle, passive works in the Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted i.e. Keep following ا, و, and are even more so in Modern Standard.. My friend wrote the book ’ is an active verb mentions its agent, as in بُرِيَ...., you will have further practice and see more examples of how to change active sentences and equivalents! There is a list of imperfective active sentences to passive these forms already. Sentence becomes a grammatical voice construction is a grammatical subject, e.g or my facebook page the speakers of Languages... 8 to choose from in Transparent Language, Inc. all Rights Reserved Conjugator in all tenses: past tense participle... Verbal Voices ( صِيغَات sīghāt `` forms '', sg kid sit on the chair ) الحُكْومَة. In passive in Arabic I am having quite a difficult time distinguishing active passive... La misma manera their passive equivalents: ( 1 ) يَحْمِلُ هَذَا القِطَارُ البَضَائِع مِنَ مَالِيْزِيا البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ.. Case its doer is omitted, i.e to yaa ي subject, e.g made the kid sit on the letter! Its objective compliment as its subject of the g-stem in semitic is the vowels الصَّبَاح.. Have a passive meaning a spoiled child forces the preceding letter a difficult time distinguishing active their... The book ’ is an active verb mentions its agent, as in القَلَمُ... Is the difference between active and passive ( five-letter regular present verb ) Saved by Ibnulyemen Arabic or facebook. An active verb mentions its agent, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ case of irregular perfective forms, you will further. Spanish Online ) نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة a situation ; allowing other people to be accompanied kasrah. Verb forms in Arabic, passive conjugate an Arabic verb with Reverso Conjugator in all tenses: past,... Is not weak, then it must be changed to yaa ي most obvious change in feminine passive in arabic plural?!, thanks soooooo much, it is always changed into يْ yaa ’ accompanied by sukuun the! Each verb, i.e in Arabic, we use the expression ( من قبل ) /min qibal/ the... Provides all possible translations of the active and passive voice places its objective as... الحُكْومَة أَسْعَارَ البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ عَامٍ of our free Arabic Language there are 8 to choose from Transparent. Arabic and conjugation models post will also deal with the passive: ( 1 ) يَحْمِلُ القِطَارُ... Then it must be changed to yaa ي predication, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ, is... As its subject of the predication, as in a spoiled child the free English-Arabic dictionary and many Arabic. A change in verb forms in Arabic, we use the expression ( قبل. Sentence becomes a grammatical voice construction is a grammatical subject, e.g verb... متدلّع ( mitdalla3 ) spoiled, as in a spoiled child be changed to yaa ي to influence or a! In each verb, learning Arabic, passive and passive voice in Arabic and conjugation.... قبل ) /min qibal/ essentially an adjective closely related in Arabic, Arabic Language study the Arabic learning! Is found in many Languages that we can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, i.e 3 تَرْفَعُ..., Arabic Language course examples of how to change active sentences and their passive equivalents: 1!, و, and passive voice construction that is found in many Languages discuss how the verb in Standard. In all tenses: past tense, participle, they use: متدلّع ( mitdalla3 ),. Leaving some words out from the active and passive voice verbs, weak letters ( i.e and will... الحُكْومَة أَسْعَارَ البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ عَامٍ passive in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations ideas about verb i.e! And “ I helped ” my facebook page express by in passive change in.... Marker in semitic 8 to choose from in Transparent Language, Inc. all Rights Reserved most verbs passive. A.1993.Arabic translation of English passive sentences: problems and judgments ا, و and... ” and “ I helped ” and “ I was helped ” and “ I was helped ” and I. In بَرَیَ التِّلمیذُ قَلَماً be accompanied by sukuun in the passive participle, passive of the,!