It can be identified by the shaggy, narrow strips of bark that are said to look like fried bacon as they peel. Older bark is grayish brown, thin and finely textured with vertical, rectangular plates. It is by Rob Routledge at Sault College. Marie, as well as populations in the Northwestern region to Kenora. Bark is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal strips. Long-lived (150 years), Ostrya virginiana (American Hop Hornbeam) is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, developing an oval to rounded crown over time. SPECIES: Ostrya virginiana GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Hophornbeam is a small, slow-growing, shapely tree usually not more than 35 feet (11 m) … forms vertical strips which exfoliate at the ends; color is gray brown; trunks and main branches develop a fluted or "muscle-like" appearance; bark and trunk features are ornamentally attractive; Culture. The bark on youthful trees is smooth, hard, chestnut brown colored, rapidly getting to be gray and rough (as seen in the picture). It is probable that a relative of the Easter Ironwood was used to make those bows. lasia Fernald). Ostrya virginiana. brown; red; Bud scale number there are three or more scales on the winter bud, and they overlap like shingles, with one edge covered and the other edge exposed Ecosystem connections: Birds, including quail and wild turkey, eat the fruits. ... Ostrya virginiana (Miller) K. Koch, subsp. Also commonly known as Hop-Hornbeam, Ironwood trees have the hardest and densest wood of any species in Canada. The finely-textured crown casts a medium or dense shade in full sun, but is more open in the shade casting a light shadow. A remarkable feature is the very low branching: the Ironwood - Ostrya virginiana. The “cat scratched” bark feature helps to distinguish hophornbeam (Ostrya) from hornbeam (Carpinus) which has smooth bark. Leaves: Fruit / Leaves: Fruit / Leaves: Fruit / Leaves: Fruit / Leaves: Bark / Trunk: Bark / Trunk: Bark / Trunk: Habitat: Mesic to dry forests, often rocky, especially over basic rocks, reaching … Ironwood is considered one of Illinois' toughest native hardwoods and is not only ornamental but resistant to many disease and insect problems. In the past, the bark was used medicinally. Preview. Map Help One species occurs in North Carolina: Ostrya virginiana (American hop-hornbeam). Location Map for Ostrya virginiana (Eastern Hop Hornbeam; American Hophornbeam) - 2 Map Locations Found Click a marker pin or a green plant 'dot' for details. Ostrya virginiana Flower (07/06/2014, Kew Gardens, London) Ostrya virginiana is a deciduous tree with a rounded habit. Where it is found. Ostrya virginiana Carpinus caroliniana; Common Name: Eastern Hophornbeam: American Hornbeam: Plant: Small tree, to 20-30' (6.1-9.1 m). The shaggy bark and winter-exposed terminal staminate catkins of Ostrya virginiana permit easy recognition of this characteristic tree of dryish eastern forests. long (12 cm), turns a lovely yellow in the fall. The foliage of birch-like, elliptical or ovate, finely serrated, medium green leaves, 5 in. The leaves are pubescent on the lower surface, especially along the veins. Bark is smooth, dark … Its leaves turn yellow in autumn before they fall. Along the Atlantic Coastal Plain, Ostrya virginiana , like Carpinus caroliniana , has smaller, blunter, often more pubescent leaves ( O . K. Koch Hophornbeam is a fairly common understory tree, similar to the related American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) but with rough bark and hop-like fruiting clusters. Young twigs are pubescent. virginiana var. Native to a great deal of the United States where it is valued as a producer of hard wood ('ironwood'). Project Creator. The bark on the trunk is brownish in color and sheds in long, narrow vertical strips. Fruit: The fruit is a small, oval nutlet enclosed in an inflated, papery sac 1/3 to … Leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate to lanceolate in outline, with doubly serrate margins. Along the Atlantic Coastal Plain, Ostrya virginiana , like Carpinus caroliniana , has smaller, blunter, often more pubescent leaves ( O . Ostrya virginiana American hophornbeam The bark is grayish brown and slightly exfoliating in narrow longitudinal strips creating a shaggy appearance. Bark. I'm not a professional--just a landowner trying to get smart and manage 275 acres for the long-haul. Jun 25, 2015 - Ostrya virginiana bark - Ostrya virginiana - Wikimedia Commons Image Source. Hop Hornbeam Ostrya virginiana Hazelnut family (Corylaceae) Description: This medium-small tree is up to 50' tall; it has a finely branched rounded crown. hophornbeam Betulaceae Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) Description. Bark texture. Ironwood is a small understory tree that can be found growing from southern Ontario north to Lake Nipissing and Sault Ste. More Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines. It makes a nice ornamental tree. Hardiness: Zones 3 through 9 Ironwood Bark, Photo by Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org Bark reddish brown to gray brown, in loose strips. The shaggy bark and winter-exposed terminal staminate catkins of Ostrya virginiana permit easy recognition of this characteristic tree of dryish eastern forests. mature ironwood (Ostrya virginiana) Mill.) The rough bark of this species is distinctly different from the smooth gray bark of Carpinus species. Also called Ironwood, for its extremely hard tough wood, which is used for tool handles, small wooden articles, and fenceposts. full sun to partial shade; best in slightly acid soil that is moist, cool and fertile Deciduous tree, 25-40 ft (8-12 m) tall, horizontal or drooping branches, rounded outline, pyramidal in youth. Location is … The trunk is up to 2' across. Scientific name: Ostrya virginiana. Trunks can reach 14 inches diameter. Bark is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal strips. Forms a rounded crown of slender, spreading branches. Hop_Hornbeam_Ostrya_virginiana.jpg. A slow growing, deciduous tree valuable as an ornamental as well as for its wood. Older trunks have rough, peeling strips of grayish-brown bark. Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fagales>Betulaceae>Ostrya virginiana (P. Ironwood … virginiana var. Ostrya virginiana Bark. Eastern Hop-Hornbeam. the winter. Leaves simple, alternate, oval-laceolate, 5-13 cm long, half as wide, acuminate, rounded or heart-shaped, sharply and doubly serrate, dark green above, paler below. Image 5454117 is of hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana ) bark. Ironwood is a tough understory tree with beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured drooping branches, and attractive hop-like fruits. Excellent tree for naturalized landscapes. It is considered native to the state. Its bark is grey/ brown with flaking platelets. Hop hornbeam, Ostrya virginiana ... use is limited to tool handles, mallets, and posts. Trees reach 33-49' (10-15 m), and often have multiple stems. On mature trees, the bark of the trunk is rough-textured and greyish brown, dividing into narrow rectangular strips; this provides the trunk with a slightly shaggy appearance. K. Koch symbol: OSVI Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oval to broadly lanceolate, 3 to 5 inches long, with a doubly serrate margin, green above, paler and fuzzy in the axils of veins and on the petiole. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Ostrya virginiana, bark image Hophornbeam has a lovely yellow fall color, and the small nutlets, which ripen in summer and fall, are used by birds and mammals during the winter. To cite this image, use the following credit line: "Steven J. Baskauf http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/" If possible, link to the stable URL for this page. Ostrya Virginiana, Garlon 4, and Basal Bark spraying... Bruce Richardson: 6/13/03 7:33 AM: Hello there: Brand new to this group and I can see I'm going to learn alot! (Betulaceae) A genus of five to nine species of trees; temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated; the bark of an adult plant peels off easily or hangs off; Twig winter color. lasia Fernald). Nonetheless, the term ironwood is applied to both the hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) and the blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana) in some texts. The latter has a very smooth gray trunk that has a "muscular" appearance (hence the name ironwood), whereas hop hornbeam has brownish, grooved, and scaly bark. Ostrya Scop. All the knowledge. Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana) also called hop hornbeam, is a shade-loving tree of small size with a slender trunk and sparse foliage.It is found throughout Iowa from dry slopes and ridges to moist slopes in the shade of other hardwoods. General Information Scientific name: Ostrya virginiana Pronunciation: OSS-tree … Karren Wcisel, TreeTopics.com. Ostrya virginiana (P. Miller) K. Koch American Hop-hornbeam, Ironwood. Its mid green leaves are ovate to lanceolate with serrate margins, up to 13cm long and 6cm broad. https://www.vdberk.co.uk/trees/ostrya-virginiana/ Ostrya virginiana Height 8 - 20 m Crown round, dark, dense crown Julia Fitzpatrick-Cooper, College of DuPage Follow. 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